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Restoration Areas These are areas within the FSZ that require effort to restore natural values that have been compromised by logging and other forms of development. Two areas, the Mamquam River Restoration Area and the Ashlu River Restoration Area have already been listed as candidates. According to the LUP, "These watersheds will require special restoration efforts to restore a range of natural values that have been heavily compromised through past logging, mining and road building."
Other areas that have been identified for restoration include Brohm Ridge, the chemical plant site in downtown Squamish, The Cheakamus River, Cheekye and Brackendale, Jimmy Jimmy Slough, Evans Creek (and Evans Lake Camp), Little Stamis Creek, Stawish (base of the Chief), and various historic grave sites and villages.
Kaw kwayx welh-aynexws (Wild Spirit Places) The LUP identifies five main areas that should be managed to retain their wilderness values for cultural and spiritual use. These uses can include hunting and fishing, and any traditional Squamish Nation activities that would not be allowed in a provincial park.
No industrial development is allowed to take place in these areas, or in any of the smaller areas that are of importance to the Squamish Nation.
The five main Wild Spirit Place (WSP) candidates are:
Nsiiw x- nitem tla stuch (The Upper Elaho Valley), a proposed area covering 17,753 hectares and including all of the unprotected forests north of Lava Creek and the entire west side of the valley from the boundary of Clendenning Park. This area was chosen because of opportunities for traditional and cultural uses, high scenic and recreation potential, high backcountry and ecotourism potential, old-growth forests, moose and goat habitat, and threatened grizzly bear population.
Nexw-ayantsut (Sims Creek). While the lower part of this valley has been logged, Squamish Nation has proposed protecting the mid and upper portions of the valley, representing approximately 17, 280 hectares. This area was chosen for the same reasons as the Upper Elaho. One recreational use that they feel has a strong potential is a hiking trail from Sims Creek Valley to the Princess Louisa Inlet.
Este-tiwilh (West Side Squamish River). This is the area on the west side of the Squamish river between the Ashlu and Lower Elaho River. Over 16 square kilometres of low elevation old-growth and riparian forest remains intact, and the Nation feels there are high values for goats, grizzly bears and salmon.