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Osteoporosis risk factors

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Early detection of bone loss plays a major role in reducing the risk of fractures due to osteoporosis. Though some people may be genetically predisposed to osteoporosis, there are certain lifestyle choices a person to make to limit their risk.

Some of the most common risk lifestyle factors, according to the Osteoporosis Society of Canada, are:

• not enough calcium in your diet;

• limited exposure to sunlight or insufficient Vitamin D in your diet;

• not enough physical activity, particularly weight-bearing activity;

• smoking;

• caffeine (consistently more than two or three cups of tea, coffee or cola every day)

• alcohol (consistently more than two drinks a day)

Bear in mind that building up strong and healthy bones during childhood and young adulthood is crucial to limiting problems later in life.

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