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Know Your Onion

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10) Canada may be the second largest country in the world, yet most of its population is clustered around the U.S. border. For the final geography question, please name the percentage of Canucks who live within 150 kilometres (93 miles) of the Yankee border?

Geography Answers

1) You would be driving through Newfoundland and Labrador, on Canada's left coast (her left, our right). Up until 2001 the island-like landmass that contains these six places was called "Newfoundland," when the name of the province changed to include the Labrador area of the mainland. Likewise, postal abbreviations have also changed from NF to NL. It's only fair, as Labrador occupies an areas of almost 300,000 square kilometres, approximately the size of New Zealand.

2) It is 5 a.m. in Calgary. Located in the Mountain time zone, Alberta runs three and a half hours behind Newfoundland. In fact, because Canada is so large, a total of six time zones (or five and a half to be more accurate) span the country from east to west: Newfoundland, Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific.

3) New Brunswick's capital is Fredericton. Originally called Pointe-Sainte-Ann, the capital was founded in 1732 by a group of Acadia French settlers who fled from Nova Scotia after the British took over. About 50 years later, the town was re-dubbed "Frederick's town" in tribute to the second son of King George III. Today, about 85,000 residents and worker-bees habit the city centre, and the Greater Fredericton Region has 124,000 people. French and English are both spoken widely and New Brunswick is a bilingual province.

4) The Canadian Shield is found in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Labrador, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. The Shield is one of the world's largest geological shields, spanning eight million square kilometers (3 million square miles) within Canada. Bits and pieces of the shield can also be found in Greenland and the northern United States. And it's old - the Shield dates back somewhere between 4.5 billion and 540 million years.

5) Nunavut (or " ᓄᓇᕗᑦ " as it is known in Inuktitut) breathed its first breath as a territory on April 1, 1999, just ten years ago. The territory was carved out of the Northwest Territories during the land claims negotiations between the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and the federal government to better reflect Inuit land use and occupancy in the area.  

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