1. Kanata is the Huron-Iroquois word for village or “a cluster of dwellings”. Jacques Cartier is credited as the first European to recognize this.
2. Neither; both died in the battle.
3. Chuckigh or Cheekye, meaning “dirty snow.”
4. 34 years. Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. Canada became a self-governing empire in 1867.
5. Simon Fraser.
6. In 1885, just after the Canadian Pacific Railway was completed. Between 1881 and 1884, while the railway was being constructed, more than 15,000 Chinese came to Canada. About 6,500 of these were employed directly by the CPR. The head tax was removed in 1923.
7. Frederick Banting and John J. R. Macleod were given the prize for the discovery of insulin. Banting shared his prize with his assistant Charles Best.
8. The British Privy Council overturned the Supreme Court decision the following year.
9. Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Kingston in 1938.
10. Camp X, on the Oshawa-Whitby border, included Special Training School 103 and Hydra. STS 103 trained allied agents in the techniques of secret warfare for the Special Operations Executive branch of the British Intelligence Service. Hydra network communicated vital messages between Canada, the United States and Great Britain.
11. Lester B. Pearson.
12. The Alouette 1 was launched in 1962, bringing Canada into the space age.
13. During the FLQ crisis of 1970, with guns, tanks and soldiers patrolling Parliament Hill, the reporter asked the Prime Minister how far he would go to keep law and order in society, to which he got the famous reply. Two days later the War Measures Act was invoked.
14. That would be Joe Clark, from June 1979 to March 1980 for a total of eight months and 30 days.
15. The Maple Leaf Forever.
16. Newfoundland and Manitoba. Between June 23, 1987 and July 7, 1988 eight provinces — including Newfoundland — and the House of Commons ratified the Meech Lake Accord, but in April 1990 Newfoundland rescinded its support. New Brunswick ratified it two months later but the accord died on June 22, 1990, after the Newfoundland and Manitoba legislatures adjourned without voting on the accord .
17. A third territory called Nunavut was created. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories through the Nunavut Act.
18. After 140,000 nominations and 1.2 million votes, Tommy Douglas was named Greatest Canadian. He is considered Canada’s Father of Medicare.